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Importance of Posture in Children

Children today are facing more postural challenges due to several life factors such as

decreased physical activity, poor nutrition, increased time spent watching TV/playing video

games, heavy backpacks, and increased use of automobile transportation. Poor posture can

lead to decreased development of the core muscles and cause balance issues, muscle

problems, fatigue, joint stiffness, and can even negatively impact handwriting. Some signs of

poor core strength include:

- Resting their head in their non-dominant hand, or laying their head and arm on the


- Leaning forward or close to the paper

- Moving around, shifting from side to side or turning their body

- Slouching in their chair

- Having their non-dominant hand hold the chair or hang beside their body

- Appearing tired or complaining of fatigue

A child’s posture should follow the 90-90-90 rule. Their feet should rest flat with a 90-

degree angle at their ankles, their knees should be bent at a 90-degree angle about 1-2 inches away from the chair, and their hips should be at the back of the chair and positioned at a 90-degree angle. Some ways to improve a child’s posture include strengthening core and back muscles, frequent breaks from sitting, and sitting on a dynamic surface such as a therapy ball or wiggle cushion.


Telus health. (n.d.). The importance of posture and positioning for handwriting. Children

Support Solutions.


Quka, N., Stratoberdha, D. H., & Selenica, R. (2015). Risk factors of poor posture in children and

its prevalence. Academic Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies, 4(3), 97.

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